First Aid in Case of Skin Rashes Triggered by Certain Plants

First Aid in Case of Skin Rashes Triggered by Certain Plants

A walk out in nature can be very rewarding and relaxing. However, there are a few plants out there that can be responsible for triggering bad skin rashes. We are talking about the poison ivy, oak, and sumac. When the leaves of these plants come in contact with the skin, unpleasant rashes can appear. They manifest through redness, small bumps on the surface of the skin, inflammation, and itchiness. There are also more severe cases, in which the rash spreads fast and ends up covering a large surface of the skin, even featuring blisters. Children are most exposed to this kind of rashes, as they love playing in the outdoors and will check out plants that are in their proximity.

To enjoy peace of mind each time you take your children outdoors, here is what you need to know about offering First Aid Training Winnipeg in the event of a skin rash.

In order for a skin rash to occur, the skin needs to come in contact with the plant several times, although one single encounter may also lead to a rash. The reason these rashes appear is that the body will start producing antibodies as soon as it feels the resin of the previously mentioned plants on the surface of the skin. It is worth mentioning that in spite of the fact that the plant’s resin will cause immediate reactions on the body, the real rash takes up to two days to emerge. Thus, you need to pay attention to how the rash is evolving after the encounter with the plant. Blisters usually form as a second phase of the rash, followed by yellowish crusts on the surface of the skin. The itching will last for a while, but it will go away in maximum two weeks. Also, bear in mind that the plant needs to directly touch the skin in order to trigger a rash. This will not happen by simply sitting next to an ivy, oak, or sumac.

You can treat the rash at home, with simple remedies in its incipient phases. Thus, use cold compresses and lotions with calamine to calm down the inflammation and itchiness. But, if the itchiness and inflammation are severe and disturb the ability to sleep at night, antihistamines are recommended. In case the rash doesn’t improve with homemade remedies or over-the-counter treatments, it is worth paying the doctor or pediatrician, according to the case, a visit. Medical attention is highly recommended if large blisters appear, in case the rash is located near the eyes, if babies get the rash, or if there are no signs of improvements within a week from the incident that started the skin rash.

Ideally, you should learn to identify the poison ivy, oak, and sumac so that you will know to keep your children from touching the leaves of these plants. Concerning the areas where these plants can be found, the poison ivy grows east of the Rocky Mountains, the poison oak can be found in the states located in the western side, and the sumac can be met in the south-east, particularly in damp regions.

Prepare For High Altitude Sickness

Prepare For High Altitude Sickness

Preparing for Safe Travel to High Altitude

Millions of people travel to high-altitude every year for recreation and for work. About 20 percent of People visit at these High areas must face some of the high altitudes issues. While most cases are mild and will get treated by self but some cases leads to life threatening. Before making a plan to visit these High Altitudes Places, one has to gain all possible information about issues he may be has to face there.

Problems Related To High Altitudes Areas

High Altitude Illnesses (HAI) includes Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS), High-Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE), and High-Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE). The symptoms of AMS are typically felt by most people when they arrive at a new altitude, but the symptoms are usually self-limiting (e.g. 1st 3-5 days at high altitude). The exact mechanisms of AMS remain unclear; however symptoms tend to be the most prevalent 1-2 days after arrival at elevation.

The most common symptoms include a headache, gastrointestinal upset, feelings of fatigue, dizziness, and sleep disruption. The more life threatening condition of HAPE includes symptoms of shortness of breath at rest, persistent coughing, exercise intolerance, and possibly the production of pink frothy sputum. HACE is defined as the presence of AMS symptoms with difficulty walking (ataxia), mental status changes, or severe lethargy. If you notice any of these symptoms in yourself or a member of your group, it is critical to stop and evaluate your situation. Descent is usually the first priority when altitude illness occurs.

Precautions To Be Taken While Travelling High Altitudes Areas

Organised: Before going to any Trip, an individual has to make a schedule related to complete trip as much time he has to spent at one place, how much he has to sleep, etc. Another important thing an individual has to see that he can add one or two days extra, so that body can able to get adjusted to a new environment.

Become Fit: Another important thing is to see before going at these high altitudes is your Fitness. If you are Physically Fit then you are able to enjoy your trip in these areas very much. So before going you must maintain your body for some time so that it can be able to adjust new environment easily.

Medical Examination: Before going to these areas, a proper medical examination is must. As if these are some minimal issues with your health, doctor can fix that so that they cannot create any problems during travelling.

Get Hydrated: Dehydration decreases the body’s ability to acclimatize to high altitude. Unfortunately many travellers arrive at their destination dehydrated after long plane-flights, bus trips, or automobile journeys. Excessive caffeine and alcohol ingestion are common during travel and produce a general state of low blood volume. Even before your trip begins, drinking 2-3 litres of water per day can prepare your body for arrival at higher elevations. Keep a 1 litre water bottle with you when traveling and drink as regularly as is feasible, given your mode of transportation. Reducing caffeine and alcohol consumption before your trip will also decrease your chances of arriving at altitude in a dehydrated state.

AED And Where You Can Get This Kind of Training

AED And Where You Can Get This Kind of Training

Knowing how to use an Automated External Defibrillator can be extremely useful when the life of a person is at risk. In some cases, you may be required to take this kind of training, so you can be better prepared at work. But, regardless if your boss asks you to follow AED Training Winnipeg or not we should all acquire such skills. You never know when someone you love or a family member ends up in a dangerous situation. There are many locations that have an AED available. It’s not as complex as the ones used by paramedics, but when used it can jumpstart a heart that stopped functioning. Practically, if you decide to take CPR courses, there are high chances to get AED training, especially if you express your interest in this type of training.

When unrolling for CPR Courses Winnipeg, you will first learn how to perform a cardiac massage. When an AED is not available on the spot, knowing how to manually restart a person’s heart is extremely important. Cardiac arrest can happen to anyone, anywhere, and out of a variety of reasons. In such a situation, offering the victim immediate attention and help can be life-saving. While it is necessary to call an ambulance, knowing how to perform CPR will significantly increase the survival chances of the victim. But, when it comes to using an AED, it is worth keeping in mind that they are extremely easy to use. There’s no way you can do this wrong if you have the basic notions offered by AED training. There are no risks for you or the victim, so you should not hesitate to use one if the situation requires it and you have such a piece of equipment in your proximity.

The AED utilized by non-medical personnel is a small piece of equipment, portable and with instructions available in handy at all times. Some AED even has vocal directions, allowing anyone, regardless of background or training, to use the device and save someone’s life. Try to remember that time is crucial in the case of a cardiac arrest. When a heart stops beating, the victim collapses without any warning, is unconscious, and stops breathing. Immediate action is needed in this case because the longer the brain is left without oxygen, the more severe and irremediable the damages will be. Not to mention that there are high chances to jumpstart a heart that just ceased working, in comparison with a heart that stopped minutes ago.

First Aid Kit and Why

First Aid Kit and Why

Accidents don’t come with prior notice. And also, being prepared is always advisable. A first aid kit keeps you prepared for treating minor cuts and burns. It helps you to manage more serious injuries too, like broken bones and even heart attacks, until emergency responders arrive for your help. How? With the help of medical essentials. And for that you need to stay prepared with all those medications and equipment required to help you in emergencies. Don’t worry, I have a checklist of ‘must-haves’ for your emergency box. So, what are you waiting for, start gathering your medical essentials and mark them checked.

Where Should One Keep First Aid Kits?

First-aid kits are for minor to major emergencies; thus it is wise to keep a kit somewhere easily accessible. Keep one of it at your home in a central location, of course, stored out of your children’s reach. Also, make sure that babysitters and caregivers know the location of where it is placed. And keep the second kit in your car in case an accident occurs.

Additionally, it is recommended to carry an emergency kit while travelling and at your work desk too. Depending on the contents, the flight restrictions might require storing it in the checked luggage bag when flying.

13 Must-haves in Your First Aid Kit and Why?

1. Gauze

You can use sterile gauze to apply pressure to minor open wounds to stop the bleeding. You can also apply it to minor burns, that is, after you cool the burn under cool (not cold) water. With a larger sterile gauze bandage, you can apply pressure on longer or deeper wounds to control moderate bleeding. A trauma pad is best for controlling deep or penetrating wounds that cause severe bleeding.

2. Scissors

Scissors have multiple uses. You can use it to cut the desired size of gauze, tapes, and cut away the clothing to expose injuries while the treatment process is going on.

3. Tape

The latex-free, hypoallergenic tape is useful to secure gauze wound dressings in its place.

4. Wound Cleanser

Soap and water cleaning is the best option to clean the cuts once they have stopped bleeding. But that is not always available or prescribable. In similar situations, adding a wound cleanser spray or antiseptic wound wipes to clean scrapes can help in the best way.

5. Bandages

Once your wound is cleaned thoroughly, you can move with bandaging it. A pack of sterile bandages can help your wound to heal.

6. Hot and Cold Packs

You might know about cold packs and hot packs; I am assuming many of you might even have one. Cold packs are helpful in relieving pain from sprains, strains, and muscle aches. You can keep a reusable hot and cold pack in your freezer for instant pain relief at home. And in case of more chronic pains, you can simply heat the packs in the microwave. You can add an instant cold pack to your travel medical kit. It is ready to use and doesn’t require a freezer.

First Aid Tips You’ll Actually Use at Home

First Aid Tips You’ll Actually Use at Home

Thousands of people get seriously injured in Australia within their homes every year. Some of these home accidents even cause lives.

Different types of accidents and hazards can happen in our day to day lives and whether it is a little scratch or a life-threatening emergency, learning basic first aid tips is proven useful for every member of the household. Everyone should learn basic first aid tips that can save lives in case of emergencies.

Small accidents are fairly common in Australian homes. We can prevent many deaths and lifelong disabilities with a little awareness of home first aid.

What is First Aid?
First aid is the first, efficient, and prompt response to anyone suffering from minor or major illnesses or injuries. The aim of first aid response to provide care in emergencies in order to preserve life and prevent the existing condition from deteriorating. First aid also plays a huge role in promoting recovery.

In other words, first aid is the initial intrusion in a medical condition prior to the availability of professional help.

A quick primer on basic first aid procedure can help get you through a home emergency, at least until the paramedics arrive or until you can get access to medical treatment.

The following first aid tips are recommended by First Aid Pro.

Basic First Aid for Cardiac Arrest
If a person in your home is suspected of being in cardiac arrest, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) may be the most important medical procedure of all. In a cardiac arrest emergency, the person’s heart is no longer pumping blood and there is a high chance that a person may not survive if no first aid is applied.

Performing CPR and using an automated external defibrillator (AED) could save a life.

First Aid for Suspected Cardiac Arrest
Command someone to call triple zero (000)

Immediately start chest compressions. Compress hard and fast in the chest area, allowing recoil in between compressions.

If you are trained in first aid, use the combination of chest compression and rescue breathing.

A defibrillator or AED should be applied and used. Ask bystanders to find one while you are performing chest compressions.

Basic First Aid for Bleeding
Luckily, almost all bleeding can be controlled. While mild bleeding usually stops on its own, severe bleeding can cause shock and eventually death if left untreated. Here are steps you can take when someone in the family got injured and has uncontrolled bleeding.

First Aid for Bleeding
Cover the wound using a gauze pad or a clean cloth

Apply direct pressure on the wound area in an attempt to stop the blood flow.

Do not remove the cloth and add more layers if necessary. The cloth will then help the clots stop the blood flow.

According to the 2010 American Heart Association Guidelines , the use of elevation and pressure points certainly help in stopping the bleed in an emergency.

The Importance of First Aid Training Winnipeg

The Importance of First Aid Training Winnipeg

When you hear about first aid training, most certainly you know what it is all about. But, did you ever seriously consider taking First Aid Training Winnipeg? After all, you may be well aware of how useful this type of knowledge is when a crisis situation occurs. Besides first aid training, CPR courses are also as important, giving you the possibility to save someone’s life in case of cardiac arrest. So, why don’t more people opt for this type of training? Unfortunately, we come up with a wide range of excuses to go through a training session that is neither complicated nor time-consuming. While no one enjoys thinking about the fact that accidents may happen, they can be part of our reality and being prepared to manage them in an adequate manner can be extremely useful.

1. Life-saving is only one of the numerous benefits of this type of training

While life-saving is the first thing that pops into your mind when you think about first aid training, it is not the only benefit of having such a package of knowledge. An immediate reaction to an accident or injury can make a huge difference when it comes to recovery time. Let us just think about a kneecap that switched its position due to an injury. In the first minutes after the accident, the knee is still numb and it is easier to put the kneecap back in its place. If one waits for the ambulance, the numbness will disappear and the procedure will be much more painful.

2. The victim will enjoy a greater level of comfort

As mentioned earlier, first aid training gives you the power to reduce pain and discomfort. Increasing the comfort level of a patient or victim will make them calmer and reduce the occurrence of even more damages due to elevated stress levels. Even healthcare providers can benefit from the existence of HCP Courses Winnipeg that will provide extremely useful when dealing with people on daily basis.

3. You will know what to do to prevent the aggravation of a situation

Knowing what to do in a timely manner is extremely important when dealing with an emergency or accident. First aid training will teach you how to collect important information to determine the type and gravity of the situation while assessing the condition of the patient. Also, you will learn how to use common household items or other types of items that are available everywhere, for managing a crisis.

4. Your self-confidence will be boosted

Believe it or not, enriching your baggage of knowledge and experience with this type of information will give you more confidence and peace of mind. You will know that no matter what will happen, you are more than capable of providing support to the ones you love and even strangers in need. You will have the ability to make the right decision in every case.

DIY Effective Disinfectant For Coronavirus Disease

DIY Effective Disinfectant For Coronavirus Disease


Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases. It is zoonotic, a mode of transmission wherein it is transmitted between animals and humans. Known Coronaviruses include Middle East Respiratory Syndrome and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome. However, in December 2019 a new strain was discovered. The virus was officially named by the International Committee of Taxonomy and Viruses as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 and the disease itself was officially labeled by the World Health Organization as Coronavirus Disease. As of March 14, 2020, 21:45 GMT, Covid-19 reported cases have already reached 156,016 worldwide of which 74,451 people have recovered.

Disinfectant shortage and its solution

During the first few weeks of the discovery of the virus, it was thought that it is hard to transmit it in hot and humid countries. Most of us living in tropical countries like the Philippines, are worried, but a bit more relaxed in hoarding disinfectant supplies. In the first month of 2020, there was already a shortage of face mask supplies. However, there are still lots of disinfectant supplies in the supermarket shelves. Filipinos being resourceful and innovative, the face mask shortage was easily augmented with homemade face mask. Plenty of patterns and designs were released, from simple cloth repurposing to using luxury branded ribbons to style their face mask. Unfortunately, in March this year, there was an increasing number of COVID-19 positive patients here in our country. In the beginning, there were only Person Under Investigation cases but it progressed to Laboratory-Confirmed Cases, thus, the start of disinfectant supplies shortage. To lessen the burden of the sanitizer shortage I’m going to share with you one of the formulated substitutes of disinfectant using bleach.

Best home made disinfectant solution

To make a ten parts of surface disinfectant solution, you have to put one glass of liquid bleach like Zonrox in a container first to avoid spillage and slowly add nine glasses of clean water. From this mixture, you can produce hand sanitizer by mixing one part of the mentioned surface disinfectant solution and nine parts of clean water. In cases wherein there is no liquid bleach available, chlorine powder can be used as substitute, but with different formulation. You can dilute one tablespoon of chlorine powder to two liters of clean water to produce a surface disinfectant solution. Subsequently, if you wish to use chlorine powder as a hand sanitizer, you can mix one tablespoon of chlorine powder to twenty liters of clean water.

For prevention of Covid-19 and other respiratory illnesses, cleaning of surface dirt followed by disinfection is the best practice measure in households and community settings.

Of course, we also have to remember that even if we were not able to secure disinfectant supplies, it is still helpful to always practice the basic protective measure against the COVID-19 virus. This includes regular hand washing, maintaining social distance of at least one meter or three feet, consciously avoiding to touch the eyes, mouth and nose, and lastly, practice respiratory hygiene.