First Aid Tips- Sprains and Strains

First Aid Tips- Sprains and Strains

If you are unsure whether you have a sprain or a strain and what First Aid you require, read these First Aid Tips to acquire essential knowledge. It’s all about what gets hurt. Sprains affect ligaments, which connect the end of one bone to another. When strains – is an injury of a muscle or tendon, which attached to bone itself. In both situations, chances are your GP practitioner will recommend rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE) as one of your initial treatments. The RICE method is an effective self-care technique that helps reduce inflammation, swelling, pain, and speed up healing.

First Aid Tips and What to do (RICE)

Depending on severity of your injury and where it is, you may have to keep weight off it for a number of days. If your sprain or strain is causing you a great discomfort, you might need physical therapy. Your GP practitioner can advise the best treatment plan. Crutches, walking sticks and orthopedic shoes can help in certain situations. For minor situations, you can simply rest the injured part and ease back into activity slowly.


To reduce swelling, inflammation and pain, apply a cold compress for up to 30 minutes with intervals, during the first 24 hours after an injury. Ice packs can be used, however a bag of frozen peas or ice cubes in a plastic bag (folded in a towel to avoid frostbite) have the same effectiveness. Avoid heat and warm compresses. These worsen swelling.


Compression technique helps to keep swelling down. Wrap a sprain or strain in compression bandages. You canfirst aid tips. acquire advice how to do it from your local pharmacy or a doctor.


Elevate the injured area. It helps to divert blood from the injury and bring down swelling. Try to keep the injured area higher than your heart.

Sometimes, you need a splint, orthopedic shoes or special walking boots to keep the injured area still in order for it to heal properly. Your GP practitioner can advise you if you need extra aids.
To fully recover from a sprain or strain, you need to do light exercises at home or work directly with a physical therapist.
If your injury is severe, surgery may be advised by your doctor.
First Aid Tips: Always acquire medical advice first.
If your injury is minor, follow the RICE approach for a week. However, if the pain, swelling and inflammation persist , call your GP practitioner and arrange for further medical help.

Consider First Aid Training Winnipeg

Consider First Aid Training Winnipeg

Everybody should be interested in taking CPR courses and First Aid Training Winnipeg as the acquired knowledge can be life-saving in crisis situations. In case you are looking for first aid training in Winnipeg, there are some aspects you need to have in mind. What kind of aspects are we talking about? Well, the providers of such courses and the training itself count for your future preparation to face difficult situations, so take some time to check these out. While you may be tempted to think that there are no differences between courses, do know that courses do differ from one provider to another. There are different levels and a variety of categories as well, created to suit not just the experience of the trainee but also to provide the desired type of training and knowledge.

So, having all these in mind, you will be able to find first aid training that will provide basic knowledge, CPR courses created for adults, CPR Courses Winnipeg in the case of children, and HCP Courses Winnipeg, which are created to suit the requirements of people who already work in the healthcare system. But, with so much diversity at your disposal, how will you know which of these courses is best in your case? Well, there are two main details that can help you make the best decision. You can choose a course based on your personal interests and preferences or you can choose it based on a set of requirements, like in the case your employer suggests or recommends taking such courses. Thus, maybe you want to make sure that you’ll know what to do in case your children are in danger or you may want to get this kind of training for your workplace or for landing a particular job. Just make sure to check the conditions in case of re-certification, as the fees you will have to pay for the training may differ.

But, if you never went through such kind of training before, it would be best to start by taking the basic course first. This way, you will gain basic knowledge as a first step, before getting to other types of courses that may enrich and enhance your initial baggage of knowledge and experience. Once you complete the basic first aid training, your instructor will be able to recommend further training sessions and courses, based on your interests and goals. So, all you’ll have to do is ask. What does this mean? It means that if you want to know your children safe each time you visit the pool, for example, water emergency first aid or CPR for children are the types of training you should take.

How to choose a provider of first aid training Winnipeg? First of all, you should not treat this matter lightly and do some research before choosing a particular provider. One main aspect to look for is experienced instructors that are capable of providing reliable and high-quality training. Also, these instructors should have a paramedical or medical background, to be sure that the knowledge you will receive during training is accurate. If you can find a course that is certified by the Red Cross, it is even better, as you can be sure of its quality.

Medical Supplies You Must Have in Your First-Aid Kit

Medical Supplies You Must Have in Your First-Aid Kit

An accident will not come with a bell on its neck. Thus, being pre-prepared for it is always advisable. And for accidents like injuries, the best pre-preparation you can do is keep a first aid kit with you. Be it home, work, car, or even while traveling, you should carry a first aid kit.

You can easily buy first-aid supplies from medical equipment suppliers. It helps you to manage minor to major injuries till you reach the healthcare center. But it can do this only when you stuff it with all the necessary stuff without missing out on any. And to help you out in that, we have a curated list of first aid supplies that you must have in your first-aid kit.

Medical Supplies You Must Have in Your First-Aid Kit

1. Bandages

The bandage is a common must-have addition to the first-aid kit. You can keep a pack of assorted bandages having different sizes and purposes in your kit. You can use the bandages to wrap strains and sprains and to provide support and compression to the wound.

2. Gauze Tapes

To stop bleeding on minor open wounds, you should use sterile gauze and apply pressure. You can even apply gauze to minor burns after cooling the burn with cool water. And with a larger sterile gauze bandage, you can apply pressure on deeper wounds to control moderate to major bleeding. Also, you can control deep or penetrating wounds causing severe bleeding with a trauma pad.

3. Scissors

You might already know that scissors have multiple uses. Scissors are a vital piece of first aid supplies. It helps one to cut the desired size of gauze or tapes. This way, you can put the tapes that fit your wounds and help stop the bleeding.

4. Wound Cleanser

Cleaning the fresh wound with soap and water is often the best way to clean cuts after stopping its bleeding. But that facility is not always available, and sometimes that is not even the right way of cleaning a wound. In such situations, you can use a wound cleanser, antiseptic sprays, or wound wipes to clean the wound before dressing.

5. Tape

Tapes are useful in keeping the dressing in place to promote better treatment. Surgical tape or medical tape is an ideal choice for first-aid boxes. There are also pressure-sensitive adhesive tapes used to hold a bandage or any other dressing on the wound. These two are mainly required and are helpful in most of the situations.

6. CPR Mask

You should always save yourself first before saving anyone else. And there can be times when you are saving someone, but there is a fear of getting infections by contacting the patient’s body fluids or saliva while giving them rescue breaths. In such cases, you can use CPR face shields and masks to protect yourself. A CPR face shield is a basic and portable mask option, while a CPR mask is more prominent in size and provides a tight seal over the patient’s nose and mouth.

7. Hand Sanitizer

Once you give someone or yourself first aid treatment, you need to wash your hand properly to clean any germs left on your skin. And for this, you will need to rub your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. But what if soap and water is not available?

First Aid in Case of Skin Rashes Triggered by Certain Plants

First Aid in Case of Skin Rashes Triggered by Certain Plants

A walk out in nature can be very rewarding and relaxing. However, there are a few plants out there that can be responsible for triggering bad skin rashes. We are talking about the poison ivy, oak, and sumac. When the leaves of these plants come in contact with the skin, unpleasant rashes can appear. They manifest through redness, small bumps on the surface of the skin, inflammation, and itchiness. There are also more severe cases, in which the rash spreads fast and ends up covering a large surface of the skin, even featuring blisters. Children are most exposed to this kind of rashes, as they love playing in the outdoors and will check out plants that are in their proximity.

To enjoy peace of mind each time you take your children outdoors, here is what you need to know about offering First Aid Training Winnipeg in the event of a skin rash.

In order for a skin rash to occur, the skin needs to come in contact with the plant several times, although one single encounter may also lead to a rash. The reason these rashes appear is that the body will start producing antibodies as soon as it feels the resin of the previously mentioned plants on the surface of the skin. It is worth mentioning that in spite of the fact that the plant’s resin will cause immediate reactions on the body, the real rash takes up to two days to emerge. Thus, you need to pay attention to how the rash is evolving after the encounter with the plant. Blisters usually form as a second phase of the rash, followed by yellowish crusts on the surface of the skin. The itching will last for a while, but it will go away in maximum two weeks. Also, bear in mind that the plant needs to directly touch the skin in order to trigger a rash. This will not happen by simply sitting next to an ivy, oak, or sumac.

You can treat the rash at home, with simple remedies in its incipient phases. Thus, use cold compresses and lotions with calamine to calm down the inflammation and itchiness. But, if the itchiness and inflammation are severe and disturb the ability to sleep at night, antihistamines are recommended. In case the rash doesn’t improve with homemade remedies or over-the-counter treatments, it is worth paying the doctor or pediatrician, according to the case, a visit. Medical attention is highly recommended if large blisters appear, in case the rash is located near the eyes, if babies get the rash, or if there are no signs of improvements within a week from the incident that started the skin rash.

Ideally, you should learn to identify the poison ivy, oak, and sumac so that you will know to keep your children from touching the leaves of these plants. Concerning the areas where these plants can be found, the poison ivy grows east of the Rocky Mountains, the poison oak can be found in the states located in the western side, and the sumac can be met in the south-east, particularly in damp regions.

Prepare For High Altitude Sickness

Prepare For High Altitude Sickness

Preparing for Safe Travel to High Altitude

Millions of people travel to high-altitude every year for recreation and for work. About 20 percent of People visit at these High areas must face some of the high altitudes issues. While most cases are mild and will get treated by self but some cases leads to life threatening. Before making a plan to visit these High Altitudes Places, one has to gain all possible information about issues he may be has to face there.

Problems Related To High Altitudes Areas

High Altitude Illnesses (HAI) includes Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS), High-Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE), and High-Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE). The symptoms of AMS are typically felt by most people when they arrive at a new altitude, but the symptoms are usually self-limiting (e.g. 1st 3-5 days at high altitude). The exact mechanisms of AMS remain unclear; however symptoms tend to be the most prevalent 1-2 days after arrival at elevation.

The most common symptoms include a headache, gastrointestinal upset, feelings of fatigue, dizziness, and sleep disruption. The more life threatening condition of HAPE includes symptoms of shortness of breath at rest, persistent coughing, exercise intolerance, and possibly the production of pink frothy sputum. HACE is defined as the presence of AMS symptoms with difficulty walking (ataxia), mental status changes, or severe lethargy. If you notice any of these symptoms in yourself or a member of your group, it is critical to stop and evaluate your situation. Descent is usually the first priority when altitude illness occurs.

Precautions To Be Taken While Travelling High Altitudes Areas

Organised: Before going to any Trip, an individual has to make a schedule related to complete trip as much time he has to spent at one place, how much he has to sleep, etc. Another important thing an individual has to see that he can add one or two days extra, so that body can able to get adjusted to a new environment.

Become Fit: Another important thing is to see before going at these high altitudes is your Fitness. If you are Physically Fit then you are able to enjoy your trip in these areas very much. So before going you must maintain your body for some time so that it can be able to adjust new environment easily.

Medical Examination: Before going to these areas, a proper medical examination is must. As if these are some minimal issues with your health, doctor can fix that so that they cannot create any problems during travelling.

Get Hydrated: Dehydration decreases the body’s ability to acclimatize to high altitude. Unfortunately many travellers arrive at their destination dehydrated after long plane-flights, bus trips, or automobile journeys. Excessive caffeine and alcohol ingestion are common during travel and produce a general state of low blood volume. Even before your trip begins, drinking 2-3 litres of water per day can prepare your body for arrival at higher elevations. Keep a 1 litre water bottle with you when traveling and drink as regularly as is feasible, given your mode of transportation. Reducing caffeine and alcohol consumption before your trip will also decrease your chances of arriving at altitude in a dehydrated state.

AED And Where You Can Get This Kind of Training

AED And Where You Can Get This Kind of Training

Knowing how to use an Automated External Defibrillator can be extremely useful when the life of a person is at risk. In some cases, you may be required to take this kind of training, so you can be better prepared at work. But, regardless if your boss asks you to follow AED Training Winnipeg or not we should all acquire such skills. You never know when someone you love or a family member ends up in a dangerous situation. There are many locations that have an AED available. It’s not as complex as the ones used by paramedics, but when used it can jumpstart a heart that stopped functioning. Practically, if you decide to take CPR courses, there are high chances to get AED training, especially if you express your interest in this type of training.

When unrolling for CPR Courses Winnipeg, you will first learn how to perform a cardiac massage. When an AED is not available on the spot, knowing how to manually restart a person’s heart is extremely important. Cardiac arrest can happen to anyone, anywhere, and out of a variety of reasons. In such a situation, offering the victim immediate attention and help can be life-saving. While it is necessary to call an ambulance, knowing how to perform CPR will significantly increase the survival chances of the victim. But, when it comes to using an AED, it is worth keeping in mind that they are extremely easy to use. There’s no way you can do this wrong if you have the basic notions offered by AED training. There are no risks for you or the victim, so you should not hesitate to use one if the situation requires it and you have such a piece of equipment in your proximity.

The AED utilized by non-medical personnel is a small piece of equipment, portable and with instructions available in handy at all times. Some AED even has vocal directions, allowing anyone, regardless of background or training, to use the device and save someone’s life. Try to remember that time is crucial in the case of a cardiac arrest. When a heart stops beating, the victim collapses without any warning, is unconscious, and stops breathing. Immediate action is needed in this case because the longer the brain is left without oxygen, the more severe and irremediable the damages will be. Not to mention that there are high chances to jumpstart a heart that just ceased working, in comparison with a heart that stopped minutes ago.

First Aid Kit and Why

First Aid Kit and Why

Accidents don’t come with prior notice. And also, being prepared is always advisable. A first aid kit keeps you prepared for treating minor cuts and burns. It helps you to manage more serious injuries too, like broken bones and even heart attacks, until emergency responders arrive for your help. How? With the help of medical essentials. And for that you need to stay prepared with all those medications and equipment required to help you in emergencies. Don’t worry, I have a checklist of ‘must-haves’ for your emergency box. So, what are you waiting for, start gathering your medical essentials and mark them checked.

Where Should One Keep First Aid Kits?

First-aid kits are for minor to major emergencies; thus it is wise to keep a kit somewhere easily accessible. Keep one of it at your home in a central location, of course, stored out of your children’s reach. Also, make sure that babysitters and caregivers know the location of where it is placed. And keep the second kit in your car in case an accident occurs.

Additionally, it is recommended to carry an emergency kit while travelling and at your work desk too. Depending on the contents, the flight restrictions might require storing it in the checked luggage bag when flying.

13 Must-haves in Your First Aid Kit and Why?

1. Gauze

You can use sterile gauze to apply pressure to minor open wounds to stop the bleeding. You can also apply it to minor burns, that is, after you cool the burn under cool (not cold) water. With a larger sterile gauze bandage, you can apply pressure on longer or deeper wounds to control moderate bleeding. A trauma pad is best for controlling deep or penetrating wounds that cause severe bleeding.

2. Scissors

Scissors have multiple uses. You can use it to cut the desired size of gauze, tapes, and cut away the clothing to expose injuries while the treatment process is going on.

3. Tape

The latex-free, hypoallergenic tape is useful to secure gauze wound dressings in its place.

4. Wound Cleanser

Soap and water cleaning is the best option to clean the cuts once they have stopped bleeding. But that is not always available or prescribable. In similar situations, adding a wound cleanser spray or antiseptic wound wipes to clean scrapes can help in the best way.

5. Bandages

Once your wound is cleaned thoroughly, you can move with bandaging it. A pack of sterile bandages can help your wound to heal.

6. Hot and Cold Packs

You might know about cold packs and hot packs; I am assuming many of you might even have one. Cold packs are helpful in relieving pain from sprains, strains, and muscle aches. You can keep a reusable hot and cold pack in your freezer for instant pain relief at home. And in case of more chronic pains, you can simply heat the packs in the microwave. You can add an instant cold pack to your travel medical kit. It is ready to use and doesn’t require a freezer.