First Aid Tips- Sprains and Strains

First Aid Tips- Sprains and Strains

If you are unsure whether you have a sprain or a strain and what First Aid you require, read these First Aid Tips to acquire essential knowledge. It’s all about what gets hurt. Sprains affect ligaments, which connect the end of one bone to another. When strains – is an injury of a muscle or tendon, which attached to bone itself. In both situations, chances are your GP practitioner will recommend rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE) as one of your initial treatments. The RICE method is an effective self-care technique that helps reduce inflammation, swelling, pain, and speed up healing.

First Aid Tips and What to do (RICE)

Depending on severity of your injury and where it is, you may have to keep weight off it for a number of days. If your sprain or strain is causing you a great discomfort, you might need physical therapy. Your GP practitioner can advise the best treatment plan. Crutches, walking sticks and orthopedic shoes can help in certain situations. For minor situations, you can simply rest the injured part and ease back into activity slowly.


To reduce swelling, inflammation and pain, apply a cold compress for up to 30 minutes with intervals, during the first 24 hours after an injury. Ice packs can be used, however a bag of frozen peas or ice cubes in a plastic bag (folded in a towel to avoid frostbite) have the same effectiveness. Avoid heat and warm compresses. These worsen swelling.


Compression technique helps to keep swelling down. Wrap a sprain or strain in compression bandages. You canfirst aid tips. acquire advice how to do it from your local pharmacy or a doctor.


Elevate the injured area. It helps to divert blood from the injury and bring down swelling. Try to keep the injured area higher than your heart.

Sometimes, you need a splint, orthopedic shoes or special walking boots to keep the injured area still in order for it to heal properly. Your GP practitioner can advise you if you need extra aids.
To fully recover from a sprain or strain, you need to do light exercises at home or work directly with a physical therapist.
If your injury is severe, surgery may be advised by your doctor.
First Aid Tips: Always acquire medical advice first.
If your injury is minor, follow the RICE approach for a week. However, if the pain, swelling and inflammation persist , call your GP practitioner and arrange for further medical help.